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What is a Scrum Master and why do you need one?

A Scrum master is like a leg in the tripod of the Scrum team, with the other two being the product owner and the development team. The relationship of the product owner with the business representative is balanced out by the Scrum master’s relationship with the development team. The role of the Scrum master is to support the team in becoming self-organized, to remove any obstacles the team might be facing and to ensure that the Scrum methodology is being followed. However, unlike the product owner, the Scrum master does not play a management or supervisory role for the team.

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How Well Does Agile Function for Large Organizations

Agile has not been warmly embraced by large organizations.

One of the obvious reasons for this is that large organizations do not undertake major changes unless absolutely necessary. Another reason is related to the fact that Agile is different from traditional project management philosophies from the roots to the leaves. Large organizations are quite orthodox when it comes to their organizational structures and management.

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What is the “Crystal methodology”?

220px-Alistair_Cockburn_(2007).jpg
Alistair Cockburn

Introduced by Alistair Cockburn, Crystal Methods, which is a collection of Agile software development approaches, focuses primarily on people and the interaction among them while they work on a software development project. There is also a focus on business-criticality and business-priority of the system under development. Unlike traditional development methods, Crystal doesn’t fix the tools and techniques of development, but keeps people and processes at the core of the development process. However, it is not only the people or the processes that are important, rather the interaction between the two that is most important.

“Crystal is a family of human-powered, adaptive, ultra light, ‘stretch-to-fit’ software development methodologies.” (Alistair Cockburn; http://alistair.cockburn.us/Crystal+methodologies.)

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How to set the background color of a PDF document using iTextSharp

You can create a Rectangle object and set its BackgroundColor property. Use your Rectangle to initialize your Document.

Imports System
Imports System.IO

Imports iTextSharp.text
Imports iTextSharp.text.pdf

Public Class Chap0102

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine("Chapter 1 example 2: PageSize")

        ' step 1: creation of a document-object
        Dim pageSize As New Rectangle(144, 720)
        pageSize.BackgroundColor = New Color(&Hff, &Hff, &Hde) 
     '// pageSize.BackgroundColor.BackgroundColor = BaseColor.WHITE
        Dim document As New Document(pageSize)

        Try

            ' step 2:
            ' we create a writer that listens to the document
            ' and directs a PDF-stream to a file

            PdfWriter.getInstance(document, New FileStream("Chap0102.pdf", FileMode.Create))

            ' step 3: we open the document
            document.Open()

            ' step 4: we Add some paragraphs to the document
            For i As Integer = 0 To 4
                document.Add(New Paragraph("Hello World"))

            Next
        Catch de As DocumentException
            Console.[Error].WriteLine(de.Message)
        Catch ioe As IOException
            Console.[Error].WriteLine(ioe.Message)
        End Try

        ' step 5: we close the document
        document.Close()
    End Sub
End Class

Give it a try.